Malta Travel Guide

Malta Hotels

Malta Travel Destination
Balzan, Malta
Marsascala, Malta
Salina, Malta
Comino, Malta
Mdina, Malta
Sliema, Malta
Floriana, Malta
Mellieha, Malta
St Julian's, Malta
Gozo, Malta
Msida, Malta
St Paul's, Malta
Qawra, Malta

Malta Directory & Malta Travel Information

History of Malta :
Ancient Civilizations of Malta
Middle Ages of Malta
Knights of Malta and Napoleon
British rule and World War II
Malta Independence

Malta Etymology
Malta Geography

Malta Climate

Malta Politics & Government

Malta Administrative Divisions

Malta Economy
Malta Money & Banking

Malta Currency

Malta Population

Malta Languages
Malta Religion
Malta Migration
Malta Education
Malta Languages in Education
Malta Sports
Malta Special Activities
Malta Cuisines
Malta Healthcare
Malta Hospitals
Malta Medical Tourism

Malta Medical Associations

Malta Art & Architecture :
Malta
Culture
Weddings in Malta

Malta Traditional Life

Malta Carnival
Malta Fantastic Creatures
Malta Mnarja

Malta Holy Week
Malta Music

Malta Literature

Transportation & Infrastructure :
Malta Highways

Malta Buses

Malta Railway

Malta New public transport network
Malta Ports & Harbours
Malta Airports & Heliports

Malta Vacation Trips

Trip Holidays Malta offers travel tips and information for top travel places and best destinations. We feature links, resources and large selection of budget airlines, chartered planes, sea cruises, ferries, travel agencies, land transports and attractions including beaches, medical tourism, retirement homes, historical and pilgrimage tours.


Malta Art & Architecture

Malta has a long history of architecture, influenced by many different mediterranean cultures over its history, and most recently, British architecture. The first settlers on the island constructed Ġgantija, the oldest manmade freestanding structure in the world. Malta is currently undergoing large scale building projects that includes constructions such as SmartCity Malta, the M-Towers, and Pendergardens, while areas such as the Valletta Waterfront and Tigne Point are receiving renovation.

The Neolithic temple builders 3800-2500 BC endowed the numerous temples of Malta and Gozo with intricate bas relief designs, including spirals evocative of the tree of life and animal portraits, designs painted in red ochre, ceramics, and a vast collection of human form sculptures, particularly the Venus of Malta. These can be viewed at the temples themselves (most notably, the Hypogeum and Tarxien Temples), and at the National Museum of Archaeology in Valletta.

The Roman period introduced highly decorative mosaic floors, marble colonnades and classical statuary, remnants of which are beautifully preserved and presented in the Roman Domus, a country villa just outside the walls of Mdina. The early Christian frescoes that decorate the catacombs beneath Malta reveal a propensity for eastern, Byzantine tastes. These tastes continued to inform the endeavours of medieval Maltese artists, but they were increasingly influenced by the Romanesque and Southern Gothic movements. Towards the end of the 15th century, Maltese artists, like their counterparts in neighbouring Sicily, came under the influence of the School of Antonello da Messina, which introduced Renaissance ideals and concepts to the decorative arts in Malta.

The artistic heritage of Malta blossomed under the Knights of St. John, who brought Italian and Flemish Mannerist painters to decorate their palaces and the churches of these islands, most notably, Matteo Perez d'Aleccio, whose works appear in the Magisterial Palace and in the Conventual Church of St. John, and Filippo Paladini, who was active in Malta from 1590 to 1595. For many years, Mannerism continued to inform the tastes and ideals of local Maltese artists.

The arrival in Malta of Caravaggio, who painted at least seven works during his 15-month stay on these islands, further revolutionized local art. Two of Caravaggio's most notable works, The Beheading of St. John the Baptist, and St. Jerome are on display in the Oratory of St. John's Co-Cathedral, Valletta. His legacy is evident in the works of local artists Giulio Cassarino (1582-1637) and Stefano Erardi (1630-1716). However, the Baroque movement that followed was destined to have the most enduring impact on Maltese art and architecture. The glorious vault paintings of the celebrated Calabrese artist, Mattia Preti transformed the severe, Mannerist interior of St. John's Co-Cathedralinto a Baroque masterpiece. Preti spent the last 40 years of his life in Malta, where he created many of his finest works, now on display in the Museum of Fine Arts in Valletta. During this period, local sculptor Melchior Gafà (1639-1667) emerged as one of the top Baroque sculptors of the Roman School.

Throughout the 18th century, Neapolitan and Rococo influences emerged in the works of Luca Giordano (1632-1705) and Francesco Solimena (1657-1747), and local artists Gio. Nicola Buhagiar (1698-1752) and Francesco Zahra (1710-1773). The Rococo movement was greatly enhanced by the relocation to Malta of Antoine de Favray (1706-1798), who assumed the position of court painter to Grand Master Pinto in 1744. Neo-classicism made some inroads among local Maltese artists in the late 18th century, but this trend was reversed in the early 19th century, as the local Church authorities - perhaps in an effort to strengthen Catholic resolve against the perceived threat of Protestantism during the early days of British rule in Malta - favoured and avidly promoted the religious themes embraced by the Nazarene movement of artists. Romanticism, tempered by the naturalism introduced to Malta by Giuseppe Calì, informed the "salon" artists of the early 20th century, including Edward and Robert Caruana Dingli.

Parliament established the National School of Art in the 1920s. During the reconstruction period that followed the Second World War, the emergence of the "Modern Art Group", whose members included Josef Kalleya (1898-1998), George Preca (1909-1984), Anton Inglott (1915-1945), Emvin Cremona (1919-1986), Frank Portelli (b.1922), Antoine Camilleri (b.1922) and Esprit Barthet (b.1919) greatly enhanced the local art scene.


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Malta Travel Destination
Balzan Malta - Marsascala Malta - Salina Malta - Comino Malta - Mdina Malta - Sliema Malta - Floriana Malta
Mellieha Malta - St Julian's Malta - Gozo Malta - Msida Malta - St Paul's Malta- Qawra Malta

Malta Travel Informations and Malta Travel Guide
History of Malta : Ancient Civilizations of Malta - Middle Ages of Malta - Knights of Malta and Napoleon
British rule and World War II - Malta Independence

Etymology of Malta - Malta Geography - Climate of Malta - Malta Politics & Government - Malta Administrative Divisions
Economy of Malta - Money & Banking of Malta - Malta Currency - Population of Malta - Languages of Malta
Religion in Malta - Migration in Malta - Malta Education - Languages in Education
Sports in Malta - Special Activities in Malta - Malta Cuisines
Healthcare in Malta : Hospitals in Malta - Medical Tourism of Malta - Medical Associations

Malta Art & Architecture : Culture of Malta - Weddings in Malta - Malta Traditional Life - Carnival of Malta
Fantastic Creatures - Malta Mnarja - Holy Week of Malta - Malta Music - Literature of Malta

Transportation & Infrastructure : Malta Highways - Malta Buses - Malta Railway - New public transport network
Ports & Harbours of Malta - Airports & Heliports of Malta

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