Malta Travel Guide

Malta Hotels

Malta Travel Destination
Balzan, Malta
Marsascala, Malta
Salina, Malta
Comino, Malta
Mdina, Malta
Sliema, Malta
Floriana, Malta
Mellieha, Malta
St Julian's, Malta
Gozo, Malta
Msida, Malta
St Paul's, Malta
Qawra, Malta

Malta Directory & Malta Travel Information

History of Malta :
Ancient Civilizations of Malta
Middle Ages of Malta
Knights of Malta and Napoleon
British rule and World War II
Malta Independence

Malta Etymology
Malta Geography

Malta Climate

Malta Politics & Government

Malta Administrative Divisions

Malta Economy
Malta Money & Banking

Malta Currency

Malta Population

Malta Languages
Malta Religion
Malta Migration
Malta Education
Malta Languages in Education
Malta Sports
Malta Special Activities
Malta Cuisines
Malta Healthcare
Malta Hospitals
Malta Medical Tourism

Malta Medical Associations

Malta Art & Architecture :
Weddings in Malta

Malta Traditional Life

Malta Carnival
Malta Fantastic Creatures
Malta Mnarja

Malta Holy Week
Malta Music

Malta Literature

Transportation & Infrastructure :
Malta Highways

Malta Buses

Malta Railway

Malta New public transport network
Malta Ports & Harbours
Malta Airports & Heliports

Malta Vacation Trips

Trip Holidays Malta offers travel tips and information for top travel places and best destinations. We feature links, resources and large selection of budget airlines, chartered planes, sea cruises, ferries, travel agencies, land transports and attractions including beaches, medical tourism, retirement homes, historical and pilgrimage tours.

Knights of Malta and Napoleon

Order of Knights of the Hospital of St John of Jerusalem

In 1530 Charles I of Spain gave the islands to the Order of Knights of the Hospital of St John of Jerusalem in perpetual lease. These knights, a military religious order now known as the Knights of Malta, had been driven out of Rhodes by the Ottoman Empire in 1522. In 1551, Barbary corsairs enslaved the entire population of the Maltese island Gozo, about 5,000, sending them to Libya. The knights withstood a full-blown siege by the Ottoman Turks in 1565, at the time the greatest naval power in the Mediterranean. The knights, fighting alongside the Maltese, were victorious and speaking of the battle Voltaire said, "Nothing is more well known than the siege of Malta".

After this they decided to increase Malta's fortifications, particularly in the inner-harbour area, where the new city of Valletta, named in honour of Grand Master Jean de la Valette, was built. They also built watchtowers along the coasts - the Wignacourt, Lascaris, and de Redin towers - named after the Grand Masters who ordered the work. The Knights' presence on the island saw the completion of many architectural and cultural projects, including the embellishment of Città Vittoriosa, the construction of new cities including Città Rohan and Città Hompesch and the introduction of new academic and social resources. Approximately 11,000 people out of a population of 70,000 died of plague in 1675.

The Knights' reign ended when Napoleon captured Malta on the way to Egypt during the French Revolutionary Wars in 1798. As a ruse, Napoleon asked for safe harbour to resupply his ships. Once safely inside Valletta's harbor he turned his guns against his hosts. Grand Master Ferdinand von Hompesch zu Bolheim capitulated and Napoleon stayed in Malta for a few days, during which time he systematically looted the movable assets of the island and established an administration controlled by his nominees. He then sailed for Egypt, leaving behind a substantial garrison.

The occupying French forces were deeply unpopular with the Maltese, due particularly to the French forces' hostility towards Catholicism. The French financial and religious policies angered the Maltese who rebelled, forcing the French to retreat within the city fortifications. Great Britain, along with the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, sent ammunition and aid to the Maltese and Britain also sent her navy, which blockaded the islands.

General Claude-Henri Belgrand de Vaubois surrendered his French forces in 1800. Maltese leaders presented the island to Sir Alexander Ball, asking that the island become a British Dominion. The Maltese people created a Declaration of Rights in which they agreed to come "under the protection and sovereignty of the King of the free people, His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland". The Declaration also stated that "his Majesty has no right to cede these Islands to any power...if he chooses to withdraw his protection, and abandon his sovereignty, the right of electing another sovereign, or of the governing of these Islands, belongs to us, the inhabitants and aborigines alone, and without control."

Vacation Holiday Trips also showcase a unique blend of travel and leisure photos and stories, updates, events and announcements about roads, shopping malls, hotels, bed and breakfast, restaurants, groceries and more. Not just a travel guide but one-of-a-kind discovery of people and places.

Malta Travel Destination
Balzan Malta - Marsascala Malta - Salina Malta - Comino Malta - Mdina Malta - Sliema Malta - Floriana Malta
Mellieha Malta - St Julian's Malta - Gozo Malta - Msida Malta - St Paul's Malta- Qawra Malta

Malta Travel Informations and Malta Travel Guide
History of Malta : Ancient Civilizations of Malta - Middle Ages of Malta - Knights of Malta and Napoleon
British rule and World War II - Malta Independence

Etymology of Malta - Malta Geography - Climate of Malta - Malta Politics & Government - Malta Administrative Divisions
Economy of Malta - Money & Banking of Malta - Malta Currency - Population of Malta - Languages of Malta
Religion in Malta - Migration in Malta - Malta Education - Languages in Education
Sports in Malta - Special Activities in Malta - Malta Cuisines
Healthcare in Malta : Hospitals in Malta - Medical Tourism of Malta - Medical Associations

Malta Art & Architecture : Culture of Malta - Weddings in Malta - Malta Traditional Life - Carnival of Malta
Fantastic Creatures - Malta Mnarja - Holy Week of Malta - Malta Music - Literature of Malta

Transportation & Infrastructure : Malta Highways - Malta Buses - Malta Railway - New public transport network
Ports & Harbours of Malta - Airports & Heliports of Malta

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