Malta Travel Guide

Malta Hotels

Malta Travel Destination
Balzan, Malta
Marsascala, Malta
Salina, Malta
Comino, Malta
Mdina, Malta
Sliema, Malta
Floriana, Malta
Mellieha, Malta
St Julian's, Malta
Gozo, Malta
Msida, Malta
St Paul's, Malta
Qawra, Malta

Malta Directory & Malta Travel Information

History of Malta :
Ancient Civilizations of Malta
Middle Ages of Malta
Knights of Malta and Napoleon
British rule and World War II
Malta Independence

Malta Etymology
Malta Geography

Malta Climate

Malta Politics & Government

Malta Administrative Divisions

Malta Economy
Malta Money & Banking

Malta Currency

Malta Population

Malta Languages
Malta Religion
Malta Migration
Malta Education
Malta Languages in Education
Malta Sports
Malta Special Activities
Malta Cuisines
Malta Healthcare
Malta Hospitals
Malta Medical Tourism

Malta Medical Associations

Malta Art & Architecture :
Malta
Culture
Weddings in Malta

Malta Traditional Life

Malta Carnival
Malta Fantastic Creatures
Malta Mnarja

Malta Holy Week
Malta Music

Malta Literature

Transportation & Infrastructure :
Malta Highways

Malta Buses

Malta Railway

Malta New public transport network
Malta Ports & Harbours
Malta Airports & Heliports

Malta Vacation Trips

Vacation Holiday Trips offers travel tips and information for top travel places and best destinations. We feature links, resources and large selection of budget airlines, chartered planes, sea cruises, ferries, travel agencies, land transports and attractions including beaches, medical tourism, retirement homes, historical and pilgrimage tours.


Malta Middle Ages


Jean Parisot de La Valette, the founder of Valletta

Malta was involved in the Byzantine-Arab Wars, and the conquest of Malta is closely linked with that of Sicily due to admiral Euphemius betraying his fellow Byzantines and requesting that the Aghlabid dynasty invade the area. As part of the Emirate of Sicily rule switched to the Fatimids in 909. The Arabs introduced new irrigation, some fruits and cotton and the Siculo-Arabic language was adopted on the island from Sicily and Southern Italy: it would eventually evolve into the Maltese language. The native Christians were allowed freedom of religion but had to pay an extra tax to the occupying power. The Normans from the Duchy of Normandy relieved Sicily and the Maltese Islands in 1091 and Roger I of Sicily was warmly welcomed by the native Christians. The Maltese offered to fight for him and in response Roger reportedly tore off a portion of his flag, half-red half-white, presenting it to the Maltese; this formed the basis of the flag of Malta.

The Norman period was productive; Malta became part of the newly formed Kingdom of Sicily which also covered the island of Sicily and the southern half of the Italian Peninsula. The Catholic Church was re-instated as the state religion with Malta under the See of Palermo and much Norman architecture sprung up around Malta especially in its ancient capital Mdina. Tancred of Sicily, the last Norman monarch, made Malta and Gozo a feudal lordship or fief within the kingdom and a Count of Malta instated. As the islands were much desired due to their strategic importance, it was during this time the men of Malta were militarised to fend off capture attempts; the early counts were skilled Genoese corsairs. The kingdom passed on to the House of Hohenstaufen from 1194 until 1266. Malta was part of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation for 72 years. Even if Malta was erected into a county and a marquisate, its trade was totally ruined, and for a considerable period of it remained solely a fortified garrison. It was under Frederick I that all remaining Muslims were expelled from Malta (in 1224) and the entire Christian male population of Celano in Abruzzo was exported to Malta.

For a brief period the kingdom passed to the Capetian House of Anjou, however high taxes made the dynasty unpopular in Malta, due in part to Charles of Anjou's war against the Republic of Genoa and the island of Gozo was sacked in 1275. A large revolt on Sicily known as the Sicilian Vespers followed these attacks, that saw the Peninsula separating into the Kingdom of Naples; the Kingdom of Sicily, including Malta, then fell under the rule of the Aragonese. Relatives of the kings of Aragon ruled the island until 1409, when it passed to the Crown of Aragon. Early on in the Aragonese reign the sons of the monarchy received the title, "Count of Malta". It was also during this time that much of the Maltese nobility sprang up. However by 1397 the bearing of the title "Count of Malta" reverted to a feudal basis with two families fighting over the distinction, which caused much distress. This led the king to abolish the title. Dispute over the title returned when the title was reinstated a few years later and the Maltese, led by the local nobility, rose up against Count Gonsalvo Monroy. Although they opposed the Count, the Maltese voiced their loyalty to the Sicilian Crown, which so impressed Alfonso IV that he did not punish the people for their rebellion but promised never to grant the title to a third party, instead incorporating it back into the crown. The city of Mdina was nicknamed Città Notabile as a result of this sequence of events.


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Malta Travel Destination
Balzan Malta - Marsascala Malta - Salina Malta - Comino Malta - Mdina Malta - Sliema Malta - Floriana Malta
Mellieha Malta - St Julian's Malta - Gozo Malta - Msida Malta - St Paul's Malta- Qawra Malta

Malta Travel Informations and Malta Travel Guide
History of Malta : Ancient Civilizations of Malta - Middle Ages of Malta - Knights of Malta and Napoleon
British rule and World War II - Malta Independence

Etymology of Malta - Malta Geography - Climate of Malta - Malta Politics & Government - Malta Administrative Divisions
Economy of Malta - Money & Banking of Malta - Malta Currency - Population of Malta - Languages of Malta
Religion in Malta - Migration in Malta - Malta Education - Languages in Education
Sports in Malta - Special Activities in Malta - Malta Cuisines
Healthcare in Malta : Hospitals in Malta - Medical Tourism of Malta - Medical Associations

Malta Art & Architecture : Culture of Malta - Weddings in Malta - Malta Traditional Life - Carnival of Malta
Fantastic Creatures - Malta Mnarja - Holy Week of Malta - Malta Music - Literature of Malta

Transportation & Infrastructure : Malta Highways - Malta Buses - Malta Railway - New public transport network
Ports & Harbours of Malta - Airports & Heliports of Malta

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